Mental health problems during pregnancy and after giving birth
This is an extract from a NICE publication. The complete publication is available at http://publications.nice.org.uk/ifp45
- Anorexia nervosa
- Binge eating disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Bulimia nervosa
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
- Exercise programme
- Mania (or manic episode)
- Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Psychological treatment
- Psychosis and schizophrenia
An illness in which a person keeps their body weight very low by dieting, vomiting or exercising excessively. A fear of being fat or a wish to be thin leads to anxiety about body weight and shape.
A type of medicine that is sometimes used to treat bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
A meeting with a healthcare professional, who will ask questions so that he or she can work out what treatment and care would suit a person best. An assessment may involve a physical examination and tests.
An illness in which a person eats excessive amounts of food but does not try to control their weight.
An illness in which a person has periods (or 'episodes') of mania and periods of depression. For this reason, it was once known as 'manic depression'.
An illness in which a person feels that they have lost control over their eating, and are caught in a cycle of eating large quantities of food and then vomiting or taking laxatives and diuretics in order to lose weight.
A short-term psychological treatment that allows people to explore their symptoms and problems with a trained individual. Counsellors will not usually give advice or treatment, but will offer support and guide people to help themselves.
A mental health problem in which a person feels 'down' and loses pleasure in things they used to enjoy. They may have other symptoms such as feeling tired all the time, sleep problems and thoughts of suicide or harming themselves.
A procedure used only rarely to treat severe mental illness, such as severe depression and severe mania. ECT is always given in hospital and involves passing a small electric current through the brain. Doctors should fully explain the risks and benefits of this treatment.
A structured programme of exercise usually lasting 45 minutes to 1 hour and taking place three times a week.
Feelings of elation (extreme happiness or feeling 'high'), or irritability, or both. People with mania also feel over-confident, sleep less than usual, and can take unnecessary risks.
A mental health problem in which a person has obsessions (thoughts, images or impulses that keep coming into their mind and are difficult to get rid of) and compulsions (feelings that they must repeat physical actions or mental processes).
Feelings of panic or anxiety that come and go. People with panic disorder sometimes fear public spaces (this is known as agoraphobia).
A mental health problem in which a person has psychological and physical symptoms after a threatening or distressing event. One of the most common symptoms is repeated and intrusive memories of the event ('flashbacks').
A broad term used to describe meeting with a therapist to talk about feelings and moods. This might be a simple treatment such as getting advice on how to cope with symptoms and other problems; or it might be a longer treatment such as ones called cognitive behavioural therapy and interpersonal therapy.
Severe mental illnesses in which a person has hallucinations (seeing things that are not really there) and delusions (believing things that are not real).